Podiatrist - Evanston - Friendly Staff

Dr Kevin J. Tunnat 800 Austin Street, Suite 611W Evanston, IL 60202 (847) 864-5010

Evanston Foot and Ankle Clinic

Diabetes and Your Feet

In the intricate tapestry of managing diabetes, caring for your feet is a crucial aspect that demands attention. This article navigates the essential diabetic foot care guidelines, offering a comprehensive understanding of preventive measures, symptoms to watch for, and proactive strategies to maintain optimal foot health.

The Importance of Diabetic Foot Care

Grasping the Significance

Understanding why diabetic foot care is paramount and how diabetes can impact the health of your feet, potentially leading to severe complications.

Prevalence of Diabetic Foot Complications

Highlighting the prevalence of foot-related issues in individuals with diabetes and the need for proactive care to prevent complications.

Preventive Measures

Daily Foot Inspections

Guidelines on incorporating daily foot inspections into your routine, empowering individuals to identify potential issues early.

Choosing Appropriate Footwear

Educating readers on the importance of selecting comfortable, well-fitting shoes to minimize the risk of friction and pressure points.

Proper Nail Care

Offering insights into the significance of proper nail care, emphasizing the avoidance of ingrown toenails and the importance of regular trimming.

Managing Moisture and Hydration

Dry Skin Prevention

Exploring the role of moisturization in preventing dry skin, cracking, and fissures that can lead to infections.

Importance of Hydration

Stressing the correlation between adequate hydration and skin health, with practical tips on maintaining proper moisture levels.

Recognizing Warning Signs

Neuropathy Awareness

Educating readers about diabetic neuropathy, its impact on foot sensation, and the importance of regular neuropathy assessments.

Identifying Changes in Skin Color and Temperature

Guidelines on recognizing changes in skin color and temperature as potential indicators of circulation issues.

Addressing Swelling and Inflammation

Insights into the causes of swelling and inflammation in the feet and proactive measures to address these symptoms.

Strategies for Wound Prevention

Cuts and Abrasions

Highlighting the increased risk of cuts and abrasions in individuals with diabetes and providing strategies for prevention.

Callus Management

Guidelines on the safe management of calluses, emphasize the importance of professional intervention for removal.

Seeking Professional Care

Regular Podiatric Check-ups

Stressing the importance of regular podiatric check-ups for individuals with diabetes to detect and address potential issues early.

Timely Intervention

Encouraging prompt professional intervention in case of any foot issues, emphasizing the principle of "better safe than sorry."

Lifestyle Modifications

Maintaining a Healthy Lifestyle

Exploring the broader impact of overall health on diabetic foot care, including the role of diet, exercise, and blood sugar management.

Smoking Cessation

Highlighting the adverse effects of smoking on foot health and encouraging individuals with diabetes to quit smoking.


In conclusion, diabetic foot care is a multifaceted aspect of diabetes management that demands attention and diligence. By adhering to the outlined guidelines, individuals can empower themselves to proactively care for their feet, minimizing the risk of complications and ensuring a foundation of robust foot health. Incorporating these practices into daily life not only enhances overall well-being but also contributes to a proactive and informed approach to diabetes management. Remember, the journey towards healthy feet begins with a single step – a step towards comprehensive diabetic foot care.

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A podiatrist, also called a doctor of podiatric medicine, is a specialist who provides medical diagnosis and treatment of foot and ankle problems, such as bunions, heel pain, spurs, hammertoes, neuromas, ingrown toenails, warts, corns and calluses. A podiatrist also renders care of sprains, fractures, infections, and injuries of the foot, ankle and heel. In addition to undergraduate medical school training, podiatrists also attend graduate school for a doctorate degree in podiatry. Podiatrists are required to take state and national exams, as well as be licensed by the state in which they practice. According to the American Podiatric Medical Association, there are an estimated 15,000 practicing podiatrists in the United States. Podiatrists are in demand more than ever today because of a rapidly aging population. In addition, according to the association, foot disorders are among the most widespread and neglected health problems affecting people in this country. Typically, podiatrists:

  • Consult with patients and other physicians on how to prevent foot problems.
  • Diagnose and treat tumors, ulcers, fractures, skin and nail diseases, and deformities.
  • Perform surgeries to correct or remedy such problems as bunions, clawtoes, fractures, hammertoes, infections, ruptured Achilles, and other ligaments and tendons.
  • Prescribe therapies and perform diagnostic procedures such as ultrasound and lab tests.
  • Prescribes or fits patients with inserts called orthotics that correct walking patterns.
  • Treat conditions such as: bone disorders, bunions, corns, calluses, cysts, heel spurs, infections, ingrown nails, and plantar fasciitis.